2015_Georg_Portrait_1xDr. phil.habil. Dr. rer.soc. Georg Lind

I am the author and editor of this blog. But I am not a full-time blogger. So please excuse me if I do not regularly respond to your comments. But be assured that I read and appreciate them.

Being German, I use English only occasionally. So please excuse bad spelling, grammar and style. If it is getting too bad, I appreciate feedback.

Vita: I was born in 1947, graduated from Southmoreland Highschool in 1966 and from Gymnasium Weierhof in 1967. I studied psychology in Mannheim, Braunschweig and Heidelberg  (diploma/master), as well as economics, philosophy, and linguistics as minors. From 1973 to 1983, I was researcher in the multi-national longitudinal research project on university students’ socialization at the University of Konstanz. Then I established and directed the computer laboratory of the Social Science Faculty. Later, until 2012, I taught psychology as an adjunct professor of psychology. During that time, I was also visiting professor at the University of Illinois, the Universidad de Monterrey, Mexico, and Humboldt University, Germany. Now I am a free-lance writer, curriculum-designer, instructor, speaker, trainer, advisor … more

I have several research interests, but my main topic, which dates back to my high school days, is moral-democratic competence which is essential for democracy as a way of life. Since 1973 I have been involved in research on, and teaching of, this topic: I developed the first objective, experimental measurement instrument of moral competence, the “Moral Competence Test” (MCT) (formerly called Moral Judgment Test, MJT). The MCT has been translated and validated in 39 languages, and is used world-wide in research and evaluation studies. The MCT is the first objective test of cognitive-structural properties of moral behavior, which could before only be measured with Kohlberg’s subjective clinical interview methods. It is am experimentally designed, behavioral test. It measures the cognitive and affective aspects of moral behavior as they are manifested in a person’s pattern of response to the test. It is based on moral-psychological theory instead of on dubious statistical models like most tests are. The MCT has revitalized the  research on the nature, relevance and teachability of moral competence. Many old and new topics can now be studied objectively.

This research has facilitated new methods of fostering moral competence, like dilemma discussion. Whereas Lawrence Kohlberg declared dilemma discussion as dead, I have developed a new, highly effective and better teachable method, the “Konstanz Method of Dilemma-Discussion” (KMDD)® and its sister method of Discussion Theater. I also designed a training and certification program for KMDD-Teachers. I have been been invited to train teachers and teacher students to use the KMDD in many countries (e.g., Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, Germany, Mexico, Poland, and Switzerland).

I established an international symposium series on “moral competence: its nature, relevance, and education”. This sysmposium is now held annually, in past mostly in Konstanz but now also at other locations like Poznan (host: Prof. Dr. Ewa Nowak), Weingarten (Dr. Marcia Schillinger) and Vilnius (Prof. Dr, Roma Kriaučiūnienė).

I also maintain a website on moral and democratic competence education: <>. You will find events, offers for training and certification, and articles for download there.

The fourth much extented edition of my book “Moral ist lehrbar” has been released in 2019.

In 2019 I have published the second, extended English edition of my book: “How to Teach Morality. New: Discussion Theater“. On my web-site you will find  several reviews and testimonials by eminent scholars. My book has also been translated into Greek by professor Katerina Mouratidou, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki at Serres, into Spanish by professor Fernando Mejia, Los Andes University, Colombia, into Chinese by professor Shaogang Yang and professor Lei Kang, both Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, PR China, and into Korean by professor Gyun Yeol Park, Gyeongsang National University, South Korea. A new Spanish translation by professor Dr. Daniel Tello, University of Concepción Chile, and Dr. Cristina Moreno, Monterrey, Mexico, and a Portuguese translation by professor Dr. Patricia Bataglia, São Paulo State University, Brazil, are in preparation.

My newest brain child is Discussion Theater, a new form of theater aligned with the moral ideal of a democratic way of life (John ‘Dewey). The play is called “Speaking & Listening.” Basically it is an adaptation of the Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion for the publich space. The premier in the Frauenkirche of Dresden on June 21, 2017, was successful. We had more potential participants than we could accommodate.


Interview by Uwe Eckart Böttger (in German): (2014)

Conversation with students and staff of the University of California at Irvine: (2014)

Wikipedia (German)

Haste, H. (2002). An Interview with Georg Lind. International Journal of Group Tensions, 31(2), 187-215.

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