13th International Symposium “Moral Competence: Its Nature, Relevance, and Education.”


July 22 – 26, 2019, in Konstanz, Germany.

Click here for the program.

Moral competence has become a most promising concept in psychology and education, and in other social sciences. For centuries only moral orientations (i.e., moral values, principles, attitudes, affects, ideals, consciousness) have been thought to determine human behavior and decision-making. They are indeed essential. Yet, they do not account for the vast difference between people in regard to behavior and decision-making. Even criminals do have moral orientations etc., but they lack moral competence. If people do not possess sufficent moral competence they can solve problems and conflicts only through using violence and deceit or through submitting to authority.

With our Moral Competence Test (MCT) we can make moral competence visible, that is, we can measure it OBJECTIVELY and VALIDLY. With it, research could show that moral competence is causally related to many forms of behavior.

With our Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion (KMDD), and its sister method Discussion Theater, it has become possible to foster moral competence very effectively with little effort of time and money and without having to make changes to the system. Thus, with the KMDD we can contribute to a better world. But we can achieve this only when we train teachers to apply the KMDD adequately. (Lind 2019)

This annual symposium series brings together scientists and pratitioners from many countries to exchange their research and their questions. Attendance is free. If you are interested in participation please contact me:


Fostering Moral Competence

All people wish to be good, says Socrates;
Thinking is nothing for cowards, says Kant;
Discussion with opponents is neither, says Habermas;
let’s educate them, says Jefferson.

We can turn the wisdom of these eminent philosophers into an effective education world-wide.

How? As I explain in my book Morality Can be Taught, this can be done with the Konstanz Methode of Dilemma-Discussion (KMDD). The KMDD is versatile and very effectiv.

My book has been available since many years in German, Spanish and Greek, and will soon be published in Chinese. The KMDD is successfully used in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Greece, Mexico, Poland, Switzerland, Turkey, and even in China.

You can donate to make my book Morality can be taught available in English, too:

Deadline: 24 January 2016.